The Judas Cradle. The Brazen Bull. The Pear of Anguish. Medieval torture devices are positively, well, medieval. As it turns out, though, they were mostly invented for 19th century circus-type sideshows. The Iron Maiden, for Fiesta Mexican Party Funny Cinco De Mayo T Shirt , came from the imagination of the 18th century tourism industry and was promoted by a fake story from Johann Philipp Siebenkees. Even the Rack, while used in Renaissance & Modern torture, had little place in the Middle Ages. But at least Medievals put criminals in the stocks and threw rotten vegetables at them, so we’ll always have that. Women ruled kingdoms, led armies, advised emperors, and wrote theology. Women could own, inherit, and pass on property. Women could learn trades and run businesses. Women had legal protection against men who wanted to divorce them because they were tired of them. A woman was revered as the Mother of God! While we’re at it, let’s not forget that over the course of the Middle Ages slavery all but disappeared. Let that sink in. When we think of the great freedoms won in the past 150 years, let’s not forget how many were taken away by Renaissance and Modern man.